The Cuban National Chapter give you a warm welcome to our country profile
Cuba is the biggest island in the Caribbean and is located at the entrance to the Gulf of México. The archipelago is formed by 4 195 different sized islands and is 110 922 square kilometres wide. The Republic of Cuba is composed of 14 provinces, 169 municipalities and the Special Municipality of the Isle of Youth.
Over 11 120 000 inhabitants.
Education in Cuba is free and compulsory. In 1961 Cuba carried out a national campaign against of illiteracy and today in Cuba every citizen knows how to write and read.
Cuba's system of primary health care covers the entire country and is considered to be unique in Latin America. Health services are free for all Cubans. The infant mortalityrate is 5,3 per thousand live births and life expectancy at birth is 75,2 years.
Overview on Environmental situation
Despite Cuba was totally in the past almost covered for forests, the indiscriminate pruning of trees from 1945 at 1960 reduced the forest areas of more than 40% to less than 10% of the total surface of the country. As a result of the repopulation efforts carried out by the government from the decade of 1960 to 1980 the forests covered near 25% of the surface of the island. Today the figure ascends to 26,7% (2010), and the reforestation campaigns continue.
The deforestation and the agriculture contribute to the erosion of the floor that is another environmental challenge in Cuba. The program of integrated administration of plagues in Cuba, an alternative to the use of pesticides, it has generated environmental advantages without affecting to the volume of agricultural production and reducing costs.
Although Cuba offers the biggest biodiversity in the Caribbean, and the vast marshy areas of mangrove and wetlands support a great variety of aquatic life. The coastal contamination and the excessive hunt cause serious threats to the wild fauna of the country. Cuba is member of organizations and international agreements relative to biodiversity, climate change, species in danger extinction, dangerous residuals and naval contamination.
The mayor environmental problems identified in the National Environmental Strategy 2007-2010 are: Pollution, Biodiversity Loss, Deforestation, Desertification and Water Scarcity.
Handy Acosta Cuellar Bárbaro Fidel Medina
Local Environmental Youth Workshop ¨Climate Change, our callenge¨ and tree planting initiative in Cuba. 7- 10 October 2010
This workshop was fundamentally planned for environmental groups and leaders from 3 provinces located in the middle of Cuba. There the young representatives discussed about the national and local environmental problems and the better ways to face them. Especially they learned about Climate Change and Water Management. Also there they discussed about the role of the youth leaders in their communities and their universities.
The activities began in Universidad Central de Las Villas Campus with conferences and clean up activities. Then, on Friday 8th 30 students and other participants participate in a workshop on Climate Change facilitated by MsC Bárbaro Fidel Medina, National CYEN Advisor and Lecturer of Univeridad Central de las Villas Mechanical Engineering Faculty. .
On Sunday 10/10/10 youth leaders from 3 provinces exchange ideas and inspiring initiatives such as Climate Generation Project and World Clean up Campaign. After this exchange they planted trees in the Faculty as a symbol of peace and advocacy. We estimate the participation of more than 100 young people in the 10/10/10 actions in Cuba.
Cuba CYEN Chapter launches "The Green Caiman" initiative.
The Green Caiman is an initiative to promote the information exchange about environmental issues in Cuba and is focus on connecting young Cuban environmentalist with their colleagues around the world.
This is a common space to share projects, initiatives, articles; documents, photos and news on the environment, no matter where they come, all are welcome to contribute.
Our mission is to reach all young Cubans, no matter where they are, given the same opportunities and ultimately build bridges of friendship and cooperation between youth of the world under the principles of respect, tolerance and equality.